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为实验室信息系统建立评估框架

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发布于 2017-7-13 17:17:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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外文标题: Towards an evaluation framework for Laboratory Information Systems
外文摘要: Introduction: Laboratory testing and reporting are error-prone and redundant due to repeated, unnecessary requests and delayed or missed reactions to laboratory reports. Occurring errors may negatively affect the patient treatment process and clinical decision making. Evaluation on laboratory testing and Laboratory Informa- tion System (LIS) may explain the root cause to improve the testing process and enhance LIS in supporting the process. This paper discusses a new evaluation frame- work for LIS that encompasses the laboratory testing cycle and the socio-technical part of LIS.
Methodology: Literature review on discourses, dimensions and evaluation methods of laboratory testing and LIS. A critical appraisal of the Total Testing Process (TTP) and the human, organization, technology-fit factors (HOT-fit) evaluation frameworks was undertaken in order to identify error incident, its contributing factors and preventive action pertinent to laboratory testing process and LIS.
Result: A new evaluation framework for LIS using a comprehensive and socio- technical approach is outlined. Positive relationship between laboratory and clinical staff resulted in a smooth laboratory testing process, reduced errors and increased process efficiency whilst effective use of LIS streamlined the testing processes.
Conclusion: The TTP-LIS framework could serve as an assessment as well as a problem-solving tool for the laboratory testing process and system.
英关键词: Error; Evaluation; Framework; Total Testing Process; Laboratory Information Systems
正文摘录: TTP is used as a basic guideline in the testing process of medical laboratories. It is a unique framework for analysing and minimising error risk not only in laboratory test centre but also in other clinical units [17]. TTP encompasses inter- nal and external laboratory activities that comprise of one or more procedures and require interac- tion between internal and external laboratory staff. Failure in any TTP activity can affect patient care as doctors make decisions based on clinical results obtained from laboratory [18].
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外文出处: Journal of Infection and Public Health (2016) 9, 766—773
外文年份: 2016
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译文标题: 为实验室信息系统建立评估框架
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