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一种用于连接认知工作负载和自动化的多测量方法-外文翻译/外文文献翻译

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发布于 2017-2-8 14:16:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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外文标题: A multi-measure approach for connecting cognitive workload and automation
外文摘要: Eye behavior metrics, time of run, and subjective survey results were assessed during human-computer interaction with high, low, and intermediate system autonomy levels. The results of this study are provided as a contribution to knowledge on the relationship between cognitive workload physiology and automation. Research suggests that changes in eye behavior metrics are related to changes in cognitive workload. Few studies have investigated the relationship between eye behavior metrics physiology measures and levels of automation. A within-subjects experiment involving 18 participants who played an open-source real-time strategy game was conducted. Three different versions of the game were de-veloped, each with a unique static autonomy level designed from Sheridan and Verplank's 10 levels of autonomy (levels 2, 4, and 9). NASA-TLX subject survey ratings, time to complete run, and visual fixation rate were found to be significantly different among automation levels. These findings suggest that as-sessing visual physiology may be a promising indicator for evaluating cognitive workload when inter-acting with static autonomy levels. This efforts takes us one step closer to using visual physiology as a useful method for evaluating operator workload in almost real-time.
Relevance to industry: Potential applications of this research include development of software that in-tegrates adaptive automation to improve human-computer task performance for high cognitive work-load tasks (Air Traffic Control, aircraft piloting, process control, information analyst, etc.).
英关键词: Keywords: Human-computer interaction Cognitive workload Automation Physiology Visual physiology
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外文格式: RAR压缩文件(内含PDF+WORD)
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译文标题: 一种用于连接认知工作负载和自动化的多测量方法
译文概要: -
译文摘要: 进行中,低,高级别系统自主水平的人机交互时,评估眼睛行为度量,运行时间和主观调查结果。本研究的结果增长认知工作负荷生理学和自动化之间关系的知识。研究表明,眼睛行为度量的变化与认知工作负荷的变化有关。很少有研究调查眼睛行为度量生理学措施和自动化水平之间的关系。进行了包含18个参与者的内部受试者实验,受试者玩了开源实时策略游戏。开发了三个不同版本的游戏,每个版本具有唯一且固定的自主水平,都源自谢里登和维普兰克的10个自主水平(级别2,4和9)。在不同的自动化水平之间,可以发现NASA-TLX受试者调查评分,完成时间和视觉固定率也有着显著的不同。这些研究结果表明评估视觉生理学可以是一种极有用的指标,在与固定的自主水平交互时,用于评价认知工作负荷。这一努力有助于更好使用视觉生理学,将其作为几乎实时评估操作员工作负荷的有用方法。
与行业的相关性:本研究的潜在应用包括开发集成自适应自动化的软件,提高应用于高认知工作负载任务(空中交通控制,飞行员驾驶,过程控制,信息分析师等)的人机任务性能。
译文格式: WORD
中关键词: 人机交互 认知工作负载 自动化 心理学 视觉心理
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